Radiation Questions – see attachment

The best means of personal protection from radiation for emergency responders is the implementation of three basic principles: time, distance and shielding. Please show your work when answering the following questions:
a. Using the inverse square law of radiation, what Geiger counter reading would you get for a radioactive material when you are 3 feet from the source (assume an initial reading of 6300 R at a distance of 1 foot from the source)?
b. Dr. Brown has a radioisotope source containing 1.2 x 106 (also written as 1.2E+06) atoms of Plutonium-238 in 1985, how many atoms will remain in 352 years?
c. How many protons and neutrons are present in the plutonium-238 nucleus?

Consider a van parked in a lot outside a professional football stadium in Atlanta, GA on a Sunday afternoon. One ounce of radioactive isotope Cesium 137 was mixed in with the explosive that has been detonated and has caused considerable blast damage. The dust cloud carries toward the nearby downtown area on a light wind speed of 10 mph. (Hint: Aristatek.com website for helpful in answering this question).
a. How could the bomb have been detonated?
b. A professional emergency responder should be concerned about the following routes of radiation exposure for a person on scene and a person downtown?
c. What actions should an exposed person take during the immediate aftermath of the explosion?
d. Lastly, if radioactive material is involved in a disaster incident such as this and there is a fire ongoing in the area where the container is located (possibly the container itself), name five actions that should be taken to handle the situation.

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