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Unit 3 Examination GED 120 Introduction to Humanities

Multiple Choice Questions

1) Which painting contains a disguised symbol of a ‘memento mori’, a reminder that no one escapes death?

a. Bosch’s Garden of Earthly Delights

b. Pontormo’s Deposition

c. Grünewald’s The Crucifixion

d. Holbein’s The Ambassadors

2) What statement best describes the effect of Martin Luther’s teachings?

a. emphasized the role of good works in achieving salvation

b. strengthened the Catholic Church’s influence in northern Europe

c. brought about a new respect for the arts in Christianity

d. gave the individual believer more responsibility than the priest

3) What northern Renaissance humanist writer expressed his philosophical

skepticism in the form of personal essays?

a. Michel de Montaigne

b. Desiderius Erasmus

c. William Shakespeare

d. Thomas More

4) What Northern Renaissance painting is part of an altarpiece–a folding wood-

en cabinet decorated with paintings?

a. Dürer’s Self-Portrait

b. Grünewald’s Crucifixion

c. El Greco’s Burial of Count Orgaz

d. Bosch’s Garden of Earthly Delights

5) Which of these was important in spreading Martin Luther’s religious ideas?

a. the printing press

b. Morley’s Triumphes of Oriana

c. Shakespeare’s Hamlet

d. the telescope

6) Which Renaissance work would most likely have been encountered at the

court of Elizabeth I?

a. a performance of Palestrina’s Mass of Pope Marcellus

b. a theater set designed by Palladio

c. El Greco painting the monarch’s portrait

d. performance of a motet by William Byrd

7) Which Renaissance work is best categorized as mannerist–the conscious

manipulation and distortion of high Renaissance techniques?

a. Dürer’s Self-Portrait

b. Bruegel’s The Hunters’ Return

c. Parmigianino’s Madonna With the Long Neck

d. Palladio’s Villa Rotonda

8) Which statement best describes the music of Palestrina?

a. attempted to involve church congregations in musical worship

b. directly appealed to emotions of worshippers

c. pioneered the use of multiple choirs

d. rejected intermingling of sacred and secular music

9) The most popular Italian export of the Renaissance was:

a. opera

b. commedia erudita

c. commedia grave

d. commedia dell’arte

10) What statement best describes the function of the Taj Mahal, in Agra, India?

a. a shrine marking the site of an incident in the life of Muhammad

b. a tomb of a Mughal emperor’s wife

c. mosque dedicated to the Mughal faithful

d. a temple where worshippers honor the Great Buddha

11) In what regard is Velazquez’s masterpiece The Maids of Honor (Las

Meniñas), a scene in the artist’s royal studio, most remarkable?

a. the novel treatment of a religious theme

b. a brilliant use of red, blue, and gold

c. its mood of gaiety and self-indulgence

d. its complex arrangement of space

12) Which of these works would most likely be performed at the court of Louis

XIV at Versailles?

a. a cantata by J. S. Bach

b. a concerto grosso by Vivaldi

c. a ballet de cour by Lully

d. an oratorio by Handel

13) What would the Academy, as established under the rule of Louis XIV, most

likely do?

a. ensure a religious content in pictures

b. impose absolutist neoclassical rules on artists

c. oversee the Dutch market in paintings

d. encourage innovative styles of painting

14) Which of these figures is associated with the heliocentric theory of the uni-

verse, an important advance in the Scientific Revolution?

a. Nicolaus Copernicus

b. John Locke

c. René Descartes

d. Antonio Vivaldi

15) What feature or description characterizes Christopher Wren’s design for St.

Paul’s Cathedral?

a. use of an encircling monumental colonnade

b. compromise between native English and continental elements

c. the strong influence of absolutist France

d. elaborate Italian baroque decoration

16) Which two artists are most closely associated with the rococo style in art?

a. Jacques Louis David and Thomas Jefferson

b. Peter Paul Rubens and Nicolas Poussin

c. Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Mozart

d. J.-H. Fragonard and Antoine Watteau

17) In what phenomenon did the Parisian Madame Geoffrin play an important


a. recovering the treasures of Pompeii and Herculaneum

b. ending the aristocracy’s dominance in French art

c. the development of ballet as an independent art form

d. the success of the salon as an intellectual and social occasion

18) What term describes the idea, popularized by J.-J. Rousseau, that human society originated in an agreement among naturally free individuals to establish the rule of law and civil society?

a. sensibilité

b. the divine covenant

c. neoclassicism

d. the social contract

19) What was the most notable achievement of Marie-Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun?

a. paint flattering portraits of Europe’s nobility

b. compose popular operas performed in Vienna and Prague

c. reform the practice of ballet dance

d. establish a famous salon in rococo Paris

20) Which of these works might have been most influenced by Palladio’s book of

classical designs, an important document in eighteenth-century neoclassicism?

a. Jefferson’s Monticello

b. Haydn’s London symphonies

c. Noverre’s ballet d’action

d. Boffrand’s Hôtel de Soubise

21) Which figure, inspired by the principles of the French revolution, led the

inhabitants of his Caribbean island home against the power of the

Napoleonic empire?

a. Toussaint l’Ouverture

b. George Washington

c. Símon Bolívar

d. Thomas Jefferson

22) What statement best describes Goya’s Executions of the Third of May,


a. creates a mysterious landscape through effects of light and color

b. evokes an atmosphere of exotic pleasure and sensual delight

c. expresses a romantic protest against tyranny and oppression

d. shows the influence of classical sculpture in its treatment of the figure

23) Which of these romantic works inspired a set of illustrations by Delacroix,

several Lieder by Schubert, and an opera by Charles Gounod?

a. David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps

b. Mary Shelley, Frankenstein

c. Berlioz, Symphonie fantastique

d. Goethe, Faust

24) For what reason would Turner’s The Slave Ship have been criticized by tradi-

tional art critics?

a. disregarded precise detail in favor of atmospheric color and light

b. incorporated classical sculpture and architecture

c. depicted mythological creatures and fantastic scenes

d. depicted a commonplace scene from ordinary life

25) Which phrase best describes program music, a frequent format of music in

the romantic era?

a. has a clear four-part structure

b. is based on a novel or other literary work

c. explicitly tells a story or describes a place

d. is usually accompanied by a chorus

Unit 4 Examination GED 120 Introduction to Humanities

Multiple Choice Questions

1) Which term is best associated with Louis Sullivan’s Wainright Building in St. Louis and other “Chicago-style” skyscrapers?

a. the steel-cage frame

b. post-impressionism

c. iron-and-glass construction

d. exoticism

2) How is the style of Art Nouveau best described?

a. expressed intense inner feelings and states of mind

b. sought to depict things as they really are

c. imitated models from the classical past

d. employed floral and vegetal motifs

3) What stylistic term is best associated with the flowing lines and vegetal

decoration of Gaudí’s Casa Milá in Barcelona?

a. architectural nationalism

b. post-impressionism

c. Gothic revival

d. Art Nouveau

4) What pair of painters sought to develop beyond the impressionist style in

the direction of greater formal order and abstraction?

a. Rosa Bonheur and Thomas Eakins

b. Claude Monet and Auguste Renoir

c. Edouard Manet and Edgar Degas

d. Paul Cézanne and Georges Seurat

5) What American impressionist painter was known for paintings focused on

the intimacy of mother and child?

a. Claude Monet

b. Auguste Renoir

c. Mary Cassatt

d. Edgar Degas

6) What pair of painters best defines the pure impressionist style of brilliant

color and vibrant brushwork?

a. Gustave Courbet and Honoré Daumier

b. Paul Cézanne and Georges Seurat

c. Edouard Manet and Edgar Degas

d. Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir

7) Which is a post-impressionist work that used vivid colors to achieve greater

emotional power and expressiveness than the impressionists did themselves?

a. Van Gogh’s Starry Night

b. Seurat’s Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

c. Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère

d. Daumier’s Rue Transnonain

8) Which of these characteristics best describes Georges Seurat’s Sunday

Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte?

a. use of color and symbolism to impart a concentrated emotional intensity

b. attempt to catch a fleeting impression of light and color

c. painstaking method of applying tiny dots of color

d. unbroken expanses of brilliant color in search of satisfying design

9) How is Fyodor Dostoevsky’s tale of the “Grand Inquisitor,” from his novel

The Brothers Karamazov, best described?

a. a feminist protest against the traditional family

b. an anguished prediction of the conditions of mass society

c. a savage tale of love, seduction, and murder

d. an ironic examination of romantic love in the modern era

10) What Japanese art, perfected by the artists Hiroshige and Hokusai, exercised a great influence on European artists of the late nineteenth century?

a. the color wood-block print

b. gamelan orchestra

c. the realist novel

d. iron-and-glass construction

11) What figure understood the human will in light of his pessimistic conclusion that “life is given us, not to be enjoyed, but to be overcome”?

a. Arthur Schopenhaur

b. Charles Baudelaire

c. Anton Chekhov

d. Gustave Courbet

12) Which pair of works could both be classified as documentary in purpose that is, intending to record social reality directly and truthfully?

a. Stravinsky, Rite of Spring, and Copland, Appalachian Spring

b. Magritte, The Key of Dreams, and Miró, Birth of the World

c. Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, and Riefenstahl, Triumph of the Will

d. Joyce, Ulysses, and Eliot, The Waste Land

13) Which of these works shows most clearly modernism’s interest in “primitivism?”

a. Schoenberg’s Pierrot Lunaire

b. Malevich’s Black Square

c. Miró’s Birth of the World

d. Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon

14) Which statement best describes Wassily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28?

a. used atonal harmonies to create an atmosphere of dissonance

b. used multiple rhythms to create jarring dislocations of rhythm

c. its swirling lines and color have no reference to figure or story

d. painted on a geometric grid that dissolves object into planes and angular shapes

15) Which work is best classified as surrealist?

a. Wright’s “Fallingwater”

b. Picasso’s Three Musicians

c. Charles Ives’ Three Pieces in New England

d. De Chirico’s The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street

16) Which modernist figure argued that women who wanted to write needed

above all an income independent of men and “a room of one’s own?”

a. Dorothea Lange

b. T. S. Eliot

c. Leni Riefenstahl

d. Virginia Woolf

17) ”I pursue the inner, hidden reality, the very essence of objects in their own

intrinsic fundamental nature.” The author of this statement might have

illustrated it with what work of his or her own?

a. Hopper’s Nighthawks

b. Duchamp’s L.H.O.O.Q

c. Braque’s Le Courrier

d. Brancusi’s Bird in Space

18) Which pair of figures played a central role in the invention of modern


a. Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington

b. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque

c. Sergei Diaghilev and Vaslav Nijinsky

d. Arnold Schoenberg and Alban Berg

19) What would one expect to encounter in listening to Igor Stravinsky’s score

for Rite of Spring?

a. electronic instruments

b. an operatic aria

c. polyrhythm and dissonance

d. the sonata form

20) Which statement best describes the work of Anne Sexton and Sylvia Plath?

a. was strongly influenced by the Beatles and other groups of 1960s rock-and-roll

b. composed poetry in a “confessional” vein, with graphic images of female sexuality

c. dealt principally with African-American characters and social life

d. wrote self-consciously metaphysical stories about labyrinthine fictional worlds

21) Which statement best describes Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man?

a. dramatizes the atheistic branch of existentialist philosophy

b. a largely autobiographical story of a poet’s unhappy life

c. illustrates a young black man’s struggle to find his own identity

d. explores an absurd world beyond logic and decency

22) Who is best categorized as an “abstract expressionist” painter of the New York school?

a. Judy Chicago

b. Jackson Pollock

c. Andy Warhol

d. Robert Smithson

23) Which work shows the sculptor’s training in automobile assembly plants and his attempt to unite art with industrial design and technology?

a. Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Wrapped Reichstag

b. Henry Moore, Recumbent Figure

c. Louise Nevelson, Black Wall

d. David Smith, Cubi XVIII

24) What American musical form rose to prominence in the age of rock-and-roll and made its African-American practitioners international pop stars?

a. be-bop

b. raga

c. fugue

d. rhythm-and-blues

25) Which is best associated with “post-modernism,” especially in its irreverent spirit and pastiche of different historical styles?

a. Charles Moore’s Piazza d’Italia

b. Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot

c. Jörn Utzon’s Sydney Opera House

d. Simone de Beauvoir’s Second Sex

Unit 2 Examination GED 120 Introduction to Humanities

Multiple Choice Questions

1) Which statement is best associated with the Viking age?

a. pilgrims traveled the great “roads” to reach Santiago de Compostela

b. Norse raiders plundered much of Christian Europe

c. Europe blossomed with a “white mantle of churches”

d. an age of tolerance was instituted in Muslim Spain

2) Which name or term is best associated with the development of sacred

music in medieval Christianity?

a. interlace

b. St. Benedict

c. archivolt

d. Guido of Arezzo

3) Who would have most likely sung the Song of Roland?

a. a Cluniac monk

b. a student of Abelard

c. a Norman minstrel

d. a feudal peasant

4) In or on which of these would one expect to find a trope?

a. a carved ivory Bible cover of the early Middle Ages

b. a chapel of the abbey church of Cluny

c. the singing of a Gregorian chant

d. the carved capitals of a Romanesque church

5) Which of these figures engaged in a famous exchange of letters with a

prominent medieval philosopher?

a. Heloïse

b. Hrotsvit of Gandersheim

c. William the Conqueror

d. abbess of Cluny

6) What phrase best describes John the Scot’s (or Erigena’s) book On Nature?

a. the account of a medieval pilgrim’s journey

b. an important tract in the nominalist debate

c. an epic reflecting chivalric and military values

d. a Neoplatonic study of categories of being

7) What was it called when a musician elaborated on a musical syllable by

adding a chain of additional notes?

a. tympanum

b. melisma

c. plainchant

d. cantus

8) Which of these figures was noted for assertive religious leadership, mystical

religious writings, and the composition of exquisite sacred song?

a. Hrotsvit of Gandersheim

b. Hildegard of Bingen

c. Peter Abelard

d. Charlemagne

9) In what pursuit is solmization useful or important?

a. the chanson de geste

b. medieval combat

c. musical education

d Romanesque architecture

10) Which would have decorated the portal of a Romanesque church?

a. monophonic melisma

b. trivium relief

c. tympanum sculpture

d. manuscript illumination

11) Which term is best associated with the flowering of civilization in Muslim

Spain at the capitals of Cordoba and Granada?

a. al-Andalus

b. pilgrimage

c. cloister

d. mysticism

12) What statement best describes Christine de Pisan?

a. a Cluniac monk who later became an important pope

b. a Chaucer character of frank sensuality and practicality

c. the Jewish author of a work on Aristotle and Hebrew scripture

d. author of a philosophical dialogue praising women

13) Which of these themes was most important in Abbot Suger’s development of

the Gothic style?

a. the discovery of Aristotle

b. the renunciation of all material wealth

c. the church as a fortress against sin

d. the mysticism of light

14) Which statement best describes the late Middle Ages’ fervent devotion to

the Virgin Mary?

a. led to greater social equality for medieval women

b. corresponded to the Egyptian cult of the goddess Isis

c. had died out in Italy by the time of Dante

d. helped inspire the construction of many Gothic cathedrals

15) Which of these figures was most influential in the development of the codes

and customs of courtly love?

a. Eleanor of Aquitaine

b. Geoffrey Chaucer

c. Ibn Sina

d. Abbot Suger

16) What is the term for the verse form employed by Dante throughout his

medieval epic, the Divine Comedy?

a. Minnesang

b. motet

c. duplum organum

d. terza rima

17) In what did Giotto’s greatest achievement as a painter lie?

a. creating emotionally and spatially unified scenes

b. perfecting the combination of Italian and Byzantine styles

c. painting secular themes instead of religious images

d. applying the Gothic mysticism of light

18) In Dante’s medieval epic, the Divine Comedy, what does the figure of Virgil


a. divine revelation

b. the punishment of sin

c. romantic love

d. human reason

19) Standing in the triforium gallery of a Gothic church, one could look down

and see what?

a. a tympanum sculpture

b. nave arcade

c. clerestory window

d. buttress

20) What northern composer served many European patrons, including Lorenzo

de’ Medici in Florence, with his eclectic musical talents?

a. Marsilio Ficino

b. Pico della Mirandola

c. Heinrich Isaac

d. Donato Bramante

21) Machiavelli wrote in The Prince that a “prince must not keep faith when by

doing so it would be against his self-interest.” What would a ruler following

this precept most likely do?

a. carefully weigh the common good against his personal ambitions

b. ruthlessly betray his friends to remain in power

c. consult his priest before making important decisions

d. recognize the inherent rights of citizens to life and liberty

22) How is the technique of imitation in Renaissance music best defined?

a. composing in several different melodic lines

b. repeating, overlapping voices singing the same melody

c. expressing the words’ meaning in musical tones

d. writing several compositions in the same form

23) What architect was first designated to rebuild St. Peter’s in Rome and also

designed the classical temple named the “Tempietto”?

a. Raphael Sanzio

b. Filippo Brunelleschi

c. Donato Bramante

d. Michelangelo Buonarroti

24) Which of these works might be said to possess the quality of terribilità– a

fearsome power often attributed to Pope

Julius II?

a. the School of Athens

b. Bramante’s design for St. Peter’s

c. Donatello’s David

d. Michelangelo’s Moses

25) Which statement best describes Michelangelo’s designs for the tomb of

Julius II?

a. uses an innovative two-part shell as part of its structure

b. expresses Neoplatonic ideas about different levels of spiritual existence

c. depicts the mysterious powers of divine creation

d. combines symbols of pagan and Christian wisdom

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