History of Worldcup

INTRODUCTION The FIFA Apple Cup, about artlessly the Apple Cup, is an all-embracing affiliation football antagonism contested by the chief men's civic teams of the associates of Federation Internationale de Football Affiliation (FIFA), the sport's all-around administering body. The championship has been awarded every four years back the countdown clash in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 back it was not captivated because of the Additional Apple War. The accepted champions are Spain, who won the 2010 tournament. The accepted architecture of the clash involves 32 teams aggressive for the appellation at venues aural the host nation(s) over a aeon of about a month; this appearance is about alleged the Apple Cup Finals. A accomplishment phase, which currently takes abode over the above-mentioned three years, is acclimated to actuate which teams authorize for the clash calm with the host nation(s). The 19 Apple Cup tournaments accept been won by eight altered civic teams. Brazil accept won bristles times, and they are the alone aggregation to accept played in every tournament. The alternative Apple Cup winners are Italy, with four titles; Germany, with three titles; Argentina and countdown winners Uruguay, with two titles each; and England, France, and Spain, with one appellation each. The Apple Cup is the world's best broadly beheld antic event; an estimated 715. 1 actor bodies watched the final bout of the 2006 FIFA Apple Cup captivated in Germany. The abutting three Apple Cups will be hosted by Brazil in 2014, Russia in 2018, and Qatar in 2022. HISTORY DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD CUP | | The world's aboriginal all-embracing football bout was a claiming bout played in Glasgow in 1872 amid Scotland and England, which concluded in a 0–0 draw. The aboriginal all-embracing tournament, the countdown copy of the British Home Championship, took abode in 1884. As football grew in acceptance in alternative genitalia of the apple at the about-face of the 20th century, it was captivated as a affirmation action with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics (however, the IOC has retroactively upgraded their cachet to official events), and at the 1906 Intercalated Games. After FIFA was founded in 1904, it approved to align an all-embracing football clash amid nations alfresco the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were actual aboriginal canicule for all-embracing football, and the official history of FIFA describes the antagonism as accepting been a failure. At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Affiliation (FA), England's football administering body, the accident was for abecedarian players alone and was admired cautiously as a appearance rather than a competition. Great Britain (represented by the England civic abecedarian football team) won the gold medals. They afresh the accomplishment in 1912 in Stockholm. With the Olympic accident continuing to be contested alone amid abecedarian teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organised the Sir Thomas Lipton Bays clash in Turin in 1909. The Lipton clash was a championship amid alone clubs (not civic teams) from altered nations, anniversary one of which represented an absolute nation. The antagonism is sometimes declared as The Aboriginal Apple Cup, and featured the best celebrated able club abandon from Italy, Germany and Switzerland, but the FA of England banned to be associated with the antagonism and beneath the action to accelerate a able team. In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic clash as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took albatross for managing the event. This paved the way for the world's aboriginal intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and thirteen European teams, and won by Belgium. 8] Uruguay won the abutting two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928. Those were additionally the aboriginal two accessible apple championships, as 1924 was the alpha of FIFA's able BEGINNING OF WORLD CUP Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with Admiral Jules Rimet the active force, afresh started attractive at staging its own all-embracing clash alfresco of the Olympics. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Assembly in Amsterdam absitively to date a apple championship itself. 9] With Uruguay now backstab official football apple champions and to bless their centenary of ability in 1930, FIFA alleged Uruguay as the host country of the countdown Apple Cup tournament. The civic associations of alleged nations were arrive to accelerate a team, but the best of Uruguay as a area for the antagonism meant a connected and cher cruise above the Atlantic Ocean for European sides. Indeed, no European country apprenticed to accelerate a aggregation until two months afore the alpha of the competition. Rimet eventually abiding teams from Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to accomplish the trip. In absolute thirteen nations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America. The aboriginal two Apple Cup matches took abode accompanying on 13 July 1930, and were won by France and USA, who defeated Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The aboriginal ambition in Apple Cup history was denticulate by Lucien Laurent of France. In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 in avant-garde of a army of 93,000 bodies in Montevideo, and in accomplishing so became the aboriginal nation to win the Apple Cup. [11] Apple Cups afore SECOND WORLD WAR After the conception of the Apple Cup, the 1932 Summer Olympics, captivated in Los Angeles, did not plan to accommodate football as allotment of the agenda due to the low acceptance of the action in the United States, as American football had been growing in popularity. FIFA and the IOC additionally disagreed over the cachet of abecedarian players, and so football was alone from the Games. Olympic football alternating at the 1936 Summer Olympics, but was now overshadowed by the added celebrated Apple Cup. The issues adverse the aboriginal Apple Cup tournaments were the difficulties of intercontinental travel, and war. Few South American teams were accommodating to biking to Europe for the 1934 and 1938 tournaments, with Brazil the alone South American aggregation to attempt in both. The 1942 and 1946 competitions, which Nazi Germany and Brazil approved to host, were annulled due to Apple War II and its aftermath. Apple Cups afterwards SECOND WORLD WAR The 1950 Apple Cup, captivated in Brazil, was the aboriginal to accommodate British participants. British teams withdrew from FIFA in 1920, partly out of abhorrence to comedy adjoin the countries they had been at war with, and partly as a beef adjoin adopted access on football, but rejoined in 1946 afterward FIFA's invitation. The clash additionally saw the acknowledgment of 1930 champions Uruguay, who had boycotted the antecedent two Apple Cups. Uruguay won the clash afresh afterwards acquisition the host nation Brazil, in the bout alleged "Maracanazo" (Portuguese: Maracanaco). In the tournaments amid 1934 and 1978, 16 teams competed in anniversary tournament, except in 1938, back Austria was captivated into Germany afterwards qualifying, abrogation the clash with 15 teams, and in 1950, back India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew, abrogation the clash with 13 teams. 16] Best of the accommodating nations were from Europe and South America, with a baby boyhood from North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. These teams were usually defeated calmly by the European and South American teams. Until 1982, the alone teams from alfresco Europe and South America to avant-garde out of the aboriginal annular were: USA, semi-finalists in 1930; Cuba, quarter-finalists in 1938; Korea DPR, quarter-finalists in 1966; and Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1970. The clash was broadcast to 24 teams in 1982,[17] and again to 32 in 1998,[18] additionally acceptance added teams from Africa, Asia and North America to booty part. Since then, teams from these regions accept enjoyed added success, with several accepting accomplished the quarter-finals: Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1986; Cameroon, quarter-finalists in 1990; Korea Republic, finishing in fourth abode in 2002; Senegal, forth with USA, both quarter-finalists in 2002; and Ghana as quarter-finalists in 2010. Nevertheless, European and South American teams abide to dominate, e. g. , the quarter-finalists in 1994, 1998 and 2006 were all from Europe or South America. Two hundred teams entered the 2002 FIFA Apple Cup accomplishment rounds; 198 nations attempted to authorize for the 2006 FIFA Apple Cup, while a almanac 204 countries entered accomplishment for the 2010 FIFA Apple Cup. [19] THE AWARDS AND TROPHY From 1930 to 1970, the Jules Rimet Bays was awarded to the Apple Cup winner. It was originally artlessly accepted as the Apple Cup or Coupe du Monde, but in 1946 it was renamed afterwards the FIFA admiral Jules Rimet who set up the aboriginal tournament. In 1970, Brazil's third achievement in the clash advantaged them to accumulate the bays permanently. However, the bays was baseborn in 1983, and has never been recovered, allegedly broiled bottomward by the thieves. [23] Afterwards 1970, a new trophy, accepted as the FIFA Apple Cup Trophy, was designed. The experts of FIFA, advancing from seven altered countries, evaluated the 53 presented models, assuredly opting for the assignment of the Italian artist Silvio Gazzaniga. The new bays is 36 cm (14. 2 in) high, fabricated of solid 18 carat (75%) gold and weighs 6. 175 kg (13. 6 lb). The abject contains two layers of semi-precious malachite while the basal ancillary of the bays bears the engraved year and name of anniversary FIFA Apple Cup champ back 1974. The description of the bays by Gazzaniga was: "The curve bounce out from the base, ascent in spirals, addition out to accept the world. From the arresting activating tensions of the bunched anatomy of the carve acceleration the abstracts of two athletes at the active moment of victory. "[24] This new bays is not awarded to the acceptable nation permanently. Apple Cup winners absorb the bays until the abutting clash and are awarded a gold-plated replica rather than the solid gold original. [25] At the present, all associates (players, coaches, and managers) of the top three eams accept medals with an badge of the Apple Cup Trophy; winners' (gold), runner-ups' (silver), and third-place (bronze). In the 2002 edition, fourth-place medals were awarded to hosts South Korea. Prior to the 1978 tournament, medals were alone awarded to the eleven players on the angle at the end of the final and the third-place match. In November 2007, FIFA appear that all associates of Apple Cup-winning squads amid 1930 and 1974 were to be retroactively awarded winners' medals. [26][27][28] Architecture AND STRUCTURE Back the additional Apple Cup in 1934, condoning tournaments accept been captivated to attenuate the acreage for the final tournament. 29] They are captivated aural the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, and Europe), overseen by their corresponding confederations. For anniversary tournament, FIFA decides the cardinal of places awarded to anniversary of the continental zones beforehand, about based on the about backbone of the confederations' teams. The accomplishment action can alpha as aboriginal as about three years afore the final clash and aftermost over a two-year period. The formats of the accomplishment tournaments alter amid confederations. Usually, one or two places are awarded to winners of intercontinental play-offs. For example, the champ of the Oceanian area and the fifth-placed aggregation from the Asian area entered a play-off for a atom in the 2010 Apple Cup. [30] From the 1938 Apple Cup onwards, host nations accustomed automated accomplishment to the final tournament. This appropriate was additionally accepted to the arresting champions amid 1938 and 2002, but was aloof from the 2006 FIFA Apple Cup onward, acute the champions to qualify. Brazil, winners in 2002, were the aboriginal arresting champions to comedy condoning matches. [31] The accepted final clash appearance 32 civic teams aggressive over a ages in the host nation(s). There are two stages: the accumulation date followed by the knockout stage. [32] In the accumulation stage, teams attempt aural eight groups of four teams each. Eight teams are seeded, including the hosts, with the alternative seeded teams alleged application a blueprint based on the FIFA Apple Rankings and/or performances in contempo Apple Cups, and fatigued to abstracted groups. [33] The alternative teams are assigned to altered "pots", usually based on bounded criteria, and teams in anniversary pot are fatigued at accidental to the eight groups. Since 1998, constraints accept been activated to the draw to ensure that no accumulation contains added than two European teams or added than one aggregation from any alternative confederation. [34] Anniversary accumulation plays a round-robin tournament, in which anniversary aggregation is appointed for three matches adjoin alternative teams in the aforementioned group. The aftermost annular of matches of anniversary accumulation is appointed at the aforementioned time to bottle candor amid all four teams. [35] The top two teams from anniversary accumulation avant-garde to the knockout stage. Credibility are acclimated to rank the teams aural a group. Since 1994, three credibility accept been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a accident (before, winners accustomed two points). THE HOSTS OF WORLD CUP Aboriginal Apple Cups were accustomed to countries at affairs of FIFA's congress. The locations were arguable because South America and Europe were by far the two centres of backbone in football and biking amid them appropriate three weeks by boat. The accommodation to authority the aboriginal Apple Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to alone four European nations competing. [37] The abutting two Apple Cups were both captivated in Europe. The accommodation to authority the additional of these in France was disputed, as the South American countries accepted that the area would alternating amid the two continents. Both Argentina and Uruguay appropriately boycotted the 1938 FIFA Apple Cup. [38] Back the 1958 FIFA Apple Cup, to abstain approaching boycotts or controversy, FIFA began a arrangement of alternating the hosts amid the Americas and Europe, which connected until the 1998 FIFA Apple Cup. The 2002 FIFA Apple Cup, hosted accordingly by South Korea and Japan, was the aboriginal one captivated in Asia, and the alone clash with assorted hosts. 39] South Africa became the aboriginal African nation to host the Apple Cup in 2010. The 2014 FIFA Apple Cup will be hosted by Brazil, the aboriginal captivated in South America back 1978,[40] and will be the aboriginal break area afterwards Apple Cups are captivated alfresco Europe. The host country is now called in a vote by FIFA's Executive Committee. This is done beneath an all-embracing election system. The civic football affiliation of a country acquisitive to host the accident receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the accomplish and requirements that are accepted from a able bid. The behest affiliation additionally receives a form, the acquiescence of which represents the official acceptance of the candidacy. Afterwards this, a FIFA appointed accumulation of inspectors appointment the country to analyze that the country meets the requirements bare to host the accident and a address on the country is produced. The accommodation on who will host the Apple Cup is usually fabricated six or seven years in avant-garde of the tournament. However, there accept been occasions area the hosts of assorted approaching tournaments were appear at the aforementioned time, as was the case for the 2018 and 2022 Apple Cups, which were awarded to Russia and Qatar respectively. For the 2010 and 2014 Apple Cups, the final clash is rotated amid confederations, acceptance alone countries from the called amalgamation (Africa in 2010, South America in 2014) to bid to host the tournament. The circling action was alien afterwards the altercation surrounding Germany's achievement over South Africa in the vote to host the 2006 tournament. However, the action of continental circling will not abide above 2014, so any country, except those acceptance to confederations that hosted the two above-mentioned tournaments, can administer as hosts for Apple Cups starting from 2018. 41] This is partly to abstain a agnate book to the behest action for the 2014 tournament, area Brazil was the alone official bidder. Alternative nations accept additionally been acknowledged back hosting the tournament. Sweden (runners-up in 1958), Chile (third abode in 1962), Korea Republic (fourth abode in 2002), and Mexico (quarter-finals in 1970 and 1986) all accept their best after-effects back confined as hosts. So far, South Africa (2010) was the alone host nation to abort to avant-garde above the aboriginal round. Organisation and media coverage The Apple Cup was aboriginal televised in 1954 and is now the best broadly beheld and followed antic accident in the world, beyond alike the Olympic Games. The accumulative admirers of all matches of the 2006 Apple Cup is estimated to be 26. 29 billion. [1] 715. 1 actor individuals watched the final bout of this clash (a ninth of the absolute citizenry of the planet). The 2006 Apple Cup draw, which absitively the administration of teams into groups, was watched by 300 actor viewers. [42] Anniversary FIFA Apple Cup back 1966 has its own amulet or logo. World Cup Willie, the amulet for the 1966 competition, was the aboriginal Apple Cup mascot. [43] Contempo Apple Cups accept additionally featured official bout assurance distinctively advised for anniversary Apple Cup. CONCLUSION To date, the final of the Apple Cup has alone been contested by European and South American teams. European nations accept won ten titles; South American teams accept won nine. Alone two teams from alfresco these two continents accept anytime accomplished the semi-finals of the competition: USA (North, Central America and Caribbean) in 1930 and Korea Republic (Asia) who accomplished the semis in 2002. The best aftereffect of an African aggregation is extensive the quarter-finals: Cameroon in 1990, Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010. Alone one Oceanian qualifier, Australia in 2006, has avant-garde to the additional round. [51] Brazil, Argentina, and Spain are the alone teams to win a Apple Cup alfresco their continental confederation; Brazil came out arrive in Europe (1958), North America (1970 and 1994) and Asia (2002), Argentina won a North American Apple Cup in 1986, while Spain won the alone African Apple Cup in 2010. Only on three occasions accept afterwards Apple Cups been won by teams from the aforementioned abstemious – Italy and Brazil auspiciously dedicated their titles in 1938 and 1962 respectively, while Spain's 2010 celebration followed Italy's in 2006. Amid the civic teams, Germany accept played the best Apple Cup matches, with 99,[66] while Brazil accept denticulate the best Apple Cup goals, with 210. [67] The two teams accept played anniversary alternative alone already in the Apple Cup, in the 2002 final. RERENCESS

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